/ UNIDO / Industrial Parks

Did You Know?

An eco-industrial park is a community of businesses located on a common property in which businesses seek to achieve enhanced environmental, economic and social performance. This is known as industrial symbiosis, which is a means by which companies can gain a competitive advantage through the physical exchange of materials, energy, water and by-products, thereby fostering inclusive and sustainable development. Eco-industrial park development aims to embed industries through the creation of shared economic opportunities, improved ecosystems and innovative avenues for responsible business practices, including through cluster development. Among their many benefits, eco-industrial parks promote resource efficiency and circular economy practices, also helping to bridge the gap between cities and industries. UNIDO’s approaches for eco-industrial parks are based on international experiences. These approaches focus on both new and existing industrial parks, covering the development process from scoping and concept development, pre-feasibility studies, design and construction, park operation to redesign and optimization of industrial parks.

Challenges associated with Industrial Parks

The translation of the EIP concept into national policies creates opportunities as well as challenges. Eco-industrial parks involve inputs from a variety of disciplines and stakeholders representing a wide spectrum of interests. The interrelated topics relevant to eco-industrial parks (e. g. advancing resource efficiency, industrial synergies, collective park level infrastructure and utility services, effective park management structures) are often unfamiliar to decision-makers in the public sector. Awareness, knowledge and skills on these topics are critical for advancing analysis, reform and the implementation of EIP-related policies at all levels. Governments will play a crucial role by creating the appropriate market conditions, policy and regulatory frameworks, technical guidelines, and by initiating learning and participation processes. For business, the development of a cluster approach can often be recommended.

Who are the active players in this field?

The objectives of the UNIDO-led programmes are to contribute to sustainable production and consumption targeting specifically emerging and developing countries. UNIDO collaborates with the World Bank and the Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) to promote the global development of standardized approaches for the implementation of eco-industrial parks.